How Does An ISBN Work?
Technically you need an ISBN and a Bar Code to sell your publication in Bookstores
ISBN stands for “International Standard Book Number.” If you want to sell in bookstores, self-publishers know that you need to have one of these, along with a bar code for your book or zine.
Some self-publishers are buying single ISBN numbers from RR Bowker, but if you are planning to publish more than one book, or more than one edition of your book, then you really need to have your own ISBN numbers. As the Official ISBN Agency for the United States Of America, RR Bowker is responsible exclusively for the task of issuing the ISBN prefix’s to all publishers who resides in the U.S.A.
You can tell a lot by looking at the ISBN that appears on all books. Their are some people who know how to read these ISBN sets and can tell information about you just by how the numbers are grouped together.
The traditional ISBN prefix is a series of 10 digit numbers, but in 2007 three numbers were added, “978 was added to the original 10 numbers, to make the range broader.”
Let’s breaking down an ISBN prefix by each number.
Look below at 10 of the 13 digits of a ISBN prefix for this example.
Right away you’ll notice this number sequence is divided into 4 number combinations separated by a dash. You will soon see their are only three digits that have any usefulness to you at all. First is the initial digit, in this case it is a “0.”
The “0″ is the “language identifier” which in this example it indicates the English language.
The next number set is the six digit series of 820475.
This set of numbers is the publishers identification series. A small publisher who purchased only a 100 ISBN’s from RR Bowker will have a long publisher identifier number. Large publishers have much shorter publisher identifier numbers, leaving more digits available for the individual book number.
The third set of numbers for this ISBN set, in this case it is “10.”
This is the title identifier, and it’s assigned by the book publishing company to a particular book publication, or specific edition of a book. For example, I might assign this ISBN to a softcover edition, and another ISBN to an e-book edition. As you can see, if you go with the smaller purchase of buying ISBN’s it will be just a matter of time before you’ll have to go back to RR Bowker for more numbers, it is nice if you can afford to buy the ISBN’s in bulk and it’s price affective.
The last digit in this ISBN set is the number “2″ and it is called the check digit.
This number is mathematically calculated and helps assure that the rest of the ISBN has been recorded, or scanned accurately in the system, it confirms all information given prior to this number is set and store ready.
The 13-digit system came into use in the year 2007. The format basically remained the same, but three numbers were added to the prefix set. The number are “978″ and they were added to the beginning of the ISBN original prefix of 10. The ISBN would actually look like this, “978-0-820475-10-2.”
Demonstration On Making An 8 Page Mini Zine At Home
Making this zine is a fun and simple project that anyone can do.
The whole family can get involved, even a child would enjoy helping with this zine.
Follow these instructions and you will make an 8 page zine counting the front and back cover.
The most important part of the setup, is when folding the pages you line up all the edges as perfect as can.
Fold the creases flat and nice and sharp so that the spine of the zine closes properly.
This type of layout works great for mini zines, small fliers and comic books.
If you photocopy the pages after finishing the layout, you can then make as many copies as you would like.
Start with a blank piece of paper (8 1/2 x 11).
Now fold the paper hamburger style, (seen below).
( Hamburger style is folding the paper in half. Hotdog style is folding the paper long ways).
Now unfold he entire paper and fold the paper “hot dog style.”
Make sure everything is creased well by folding the paper hotdog and hamburger several times.
Now unfold the paper, and you should have 8 small page boxes, like yours above and demos shown below.
As you can see some of the numbers are upside down, learn this pattern layout, so you know where to cut and paste your content.
The above photo show a number grid for you to see how the pages line up.
The zine is shown here again in the shape of a “W.”
You can see the proper fold pattern with the numbers I have put onto the pages for this demo.
Now you can put your content on each the page, before the final cut and fold.
Fold the paper accurately at this point, like in photo below, cut the center of the seam down the middle.
Be very careful not to cut past the center segment, stop cutting at the pages folded up, this is why we are folding it this way. (see below)
The fold pattern and center cut as shown above is KEY to doing this project correctly.
Fold the paper hot dog style again (long ways), and simply push the center inward where you made the cut.
Press the whole zine together so it looks like a plus sign. (See below).
Find the front and back cover and push the folded pages together. If lined up properly they will go into place easily.
Making the creases sharp will hold it together more solid and allow the zine covers to close better.
It should look like a mini zine when finished. It gets easier with each time you make one.
You may want to make a mock zine the first time and use a number grid like I did in this example here.
If you don’t like the accordion style for the page layout, you can try other cutting variations.
Cash in on your D.I.Y. writing skills, or art skills by making your zine available to the public. Sounds like a great idea to me.
You are now ready to test the waters of marketing your zine, by offering your work at Etsys.com, or at a distro. (distribution). And the best part of this is, you did it all for pinnies on the dollar.
Free Desktop Publishing Software Review 2014
Many of the free desktop publishing software downloads are really specialty utilities. They are fine for a specific job — such as labels or business cards — but they aren’t your all-around page design tools. However, there are a few free programs with full desktop publishing capabilities. Following the page layout / office suite software in this list you’ll find more free software, primarily graphics software, that is often used in conjunction with other desktop publishing software or for simple related tasks such as logos, business cards, and fliers.
Probably the premiere free desktop publishing software application. It has the features of the pro packages, but it’s free. Scribus offers CMYK support, font embedding and sub-setting, PDF creation, EPS import/export, basic drawing tools, and other professional level features. Scribus works in a fashion similar to Adobe InDesign and QuarkXPress with text frames, floating palettes, and pull-down menus — and without the hefty price tag. As great as free is, this might not be the software you want if you have no prior experience with desktop publishing software and don’t want to devote time to overcome the learning curve.
This a quality open source software with a powerful punch for routine desktop publishing. The only problem is formatting your download to carefully hand shake with Ghost Tree Software, which is required for use of all Scribus software. Their are many tutorials on this software transaction, but it is a tricky process, not one for the amateur publisher. Also the download it self takes a huge chunk of disc space. Not my first pick for my publishing needs.
Serif PagePlus Starter Edition
Aimed at both novice and professional users, this Windows package combines ease-of-use and some professional options, such as advanced layout and typesetting, with word processing, and drawing. Current versions are not free but Serif gives away earlier editions to generate satisfied customers (who hopefully upgrade). Get free Serif drawing, image editing, and Web publishing software too. You get way more than you pay for with this option. There’s plenty of praise for PagePlus SE even from those using the pro version. See this SE vs. Full comparison chart to see what you’re getting. If what you had in mind when searching for free was easy or simple desktop publishing software, then PagePlus Starter Edition is a good option for you. I personally use this one and love it.
Also get free Starter Editions of DrawPlus & WebPlus & Digital Scrapbook Artist Compact
Apache OpenOffice Productivity Suite
Not just as good as, some say it’s better than Microsoft Office. Get fully-integrated word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, drawing, and database tools in this Open Source software. Among the many features you’ll find PDF and SWF (Flash) export, increased Microsoft Office format support, and multiple languages. If your desktop publishing needs are basic but you also want a full suite of office tools, try Apache OpenOffice. However, for more complex desktop publishing tasks you might be better off with Scribus or PagePlus Starter Edition.
A popular free, open source vector drawing program, Inkscape uses the Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file format. Use Inkscape for creating text and graphics compositions including business cards, book covers, fliers, and ads. Inkscape is similar in capabilities to Adobe Illustrator and CorelDRAW. Inkscape is also being used to create fonts. It’s a graphics program, but more flexible than a bitmap photo program for doing many desktop pubishing page layout tasks.
The GNU Image Management Program (The GIMP) is a popular, free, open source alternative to Photoshop and other photo editing software. The GIMP was the 2010 About.com Reader’s Choice Winner in the Free Desktop Publishing Software category. It’s a bitmap photo editor so won’t do well for text-intensive design or anything with multiple pages, but it’s a great free addition to your desktop publishing software.
How To Making A Mock Zine Using MS-Word
You can use MS-Word for making a zine, or just for formatting a mock print to help you move closer to the all important final print. It’s a challenge using MS-Word compared to using a desktop publisher such as Quark’s Xpress, Adobe’s InDesign, or Serif’s Pagemaker, but it can be done and it is an alternative to the cut and paste method. Most self publishing authors of books will format their manuscript using MS-Word, or a similar word processor to produce a mock book before going to a POD (print on demand) service, or other publisher like Lulu.com, or Amazon’s CreatingSpaces.
First off all measurements used below will be in the format of “inches” to make things easier.
Making your mock book will require 3 basic steps:
1. Formatting your manuscript
2. Estimating your page count
3. Creating a page plan.
You’ll need the following:
* Your manuscript in MS-Word
* Several sheets of blank paper
* Pen or pencil
Remember: We are not making the actual manuscript layout yet, just the formatting to get an accurate page count and to figure out where things may need to be edited in the layout. Also, this page plan is for the interior of your book only. The cover is always done separately as a different file and on different paper stock.
Formatting your manuscript:
Now that you’ve determined exactly what you’re putting into your zine or book, put all of your text into one MS-Word document and save it before continuing. Now we can begin to style it by putting in the fonts and point sizes you have decided on. Now is also the time to think about paragraph spacing whether you use single-spacing, or a little more like double spacing between lines, etc…
Next, set the margins in your document so that they mimic the page size you will be working with. In MS-Word, you can manipulate the margins from the “Format” menu, under the “Document” option.
For a half-letter scale, or aka “digest” sized zine, the page size in the finished zine would be 5.5 x 8.5 using a standard landscape letter-sized sheet of paper, folded in half. Half-inch margins all the way around would leave you with a 4.5 x 7.5 area for your content to print. In the finished book, your gutter (the blank area in the center of the book where the inner margins meet), should be 1 inch.
That means for a letter-sized MS-Word document, you should set your margins to:
Top: 1.75 inches
Bottom: 1.75 inches
Left: 2 inches
Right: 2 inches
For a half-legal sized zine, the page size in the finished booklet would be 7 x 8.5 on a landscape legal-sized sheet, folded in half. In this larger format, you’ll have a bit more leeway with margins if you want to go larger. This is where you want to tweak your manuscript to the sizes you like. In this example I will use a 0.5 margin all the way around to make things simple. That will result in a 6 x 7.5 inch area for your content, with a 1-inch gutter in the finished zine.
Using a legal-sized MS-Word document, 8.5 x 11, you should set your margins to:
Top: 3.25 inches
Bottom: 3.25 inches
This is where to estimate your page count:
Once your text is styled and you have your document margins set to model your chosen page size, you should be able to easily estimate about how many pages your content will be. Print your a sample document and if your margins, text and paragraph styling are not how you like them, play with the adjustments a little more until you like what you print.
Your printed formatted manuscript should now closely resemble the page count of how your finished book will print . Keep in mind that your manuscript is a stack of single sided sheets of paper and your finished book will have four book pages per double-sided sheet, so your stack in this mock run will be thicker than your finished book will be.
You’ll probably want to add some or all of the following:
Front matter - The term for anything that comes before the first page of your manuscript
* Title page
* Contact info/copyright page
* Table of contents
* Acknowledgments – These can go up front, in the back, or be combined with the copyright notice
Back matter - The term for anything that comes after your last page of your manuscript
* Author bio/contributor notes
* Blank pages
If your Table of Contents, contributor notes, credits, or acknowledgments look like they will run more than one page, the safest bet would be to format them just as you did for the rest of your manuscript, to see how long they actually are when styled the way you want them in the final print. Otherwise just estimate one page for each, that is what is ideal.
A simple way to do this would be to, collect printed copies of the images you plan on using and place them on the paper sheet with the same margins as the rest of your document, then add the necessary pages to your estimated calculation. If you have the images already digitized, you can go ahead and use the “Insert/Picture” function of MS-Word and put them in the manuscript right away. You might want to round your page up to make sure you have extra room to play with sizing later.
Note: the # of formatted manuscript pages + the # of front matter pages + the # of back matter pages = the total page count of your finished book, or zine.
Some of you may feel comfortable skipping the steps above and just “eyeball” your page count numbers estimate after you’ve completed your first few projects. I personally wouldn’t skip this step, but some do, it’s just up to the self publisher.
Creating a page plan, for your mock book:
Folded booklets like the ones we’re making have page counts that are in multiples of 4, because each sheet of paper will contain four book pages on it: Two on side A. Two on side B. So round your estimated page count up to the nearest multiple of 4.
Example: 18 pages would need to be 20 pages, 21 becomes 24 and so on…
Now, take your page count and divide it by 4.
This simple formula will give you the total number of sheets of paper per zine (see below).
20 book pages = 5 sheets of paper
36 book pages = 9 sheets of paper
and so on…
Here I have been using a 12-page zine as the example, but the idea is the same for any number of sheets used.
12 book pages divided by 4 = 3 sheets of paper
So, I’m going to take 3 sheets, and label each side: A – B would be the front & back of the first paper sheet, C – D would be the front & back of the second paper sheet, E – F the front & back of the third paper sheet.
Then I’m going to stack sheets A & B, C & D, E & F, with the A, C, E sides facing up and A on top of C on top of E.
Fold them in half, like a booklet, with A on the outside, where the spine will be.
Now, starting from the first page of your mock booklet and with your formatted manuscript as your guide, label each page with the title of the printed piece that should appear there. Title page, copyright page, table of contents, blank, book matter (manuscript) through to the final page.
Holding your mock booklet at the spine, flip through it a several times, read it examine the arrangement of your front and back matter and check it against your formatted manuscript again to make sure you’ve allowed enough space for pieces of matter that run more than one booklet page. Make sure you’ve allowed space for all the elements you want to see in the interior of your finished publication.
When you’re sure your mock book accurately reflects the length and arrangement of your finished book, you’re ready to use this page plan to create your layout!
Layout Part 1, Setting up your layout document
Once you’ve got your manuscript formatted and your mock zine made, you’re ready to start working on your zine layout.
Since you are using MS-Word, this example will be geared towards that software only. I’m going to be talking about a digest sized booklet (8.5 x 11) with a landscape orientation, but the steps are the same for legal-sized paper as well.
Important: You must be sure your mock book “reads” properly and that you’ve allotted space for everything. Your page-count must be a multiple of 4 (because each sheet of paper will contain 2 booklet pages on the front, and 2 on the back).
To set up your layout, all you’ll need is your computer with MS-Word loaded.
Set up your document:
1. Open a new document in MS-Word.
2. Under the “File” menu, select “Page Setup.”
3. In the “Page Setup” window, select your paper size (letter or legal) and the orientation will be landscape.
4. Click “OK.” Your MS-Word document should now reflect your chosen paper size and orientation. Choose “Save” and it is now ready to format.
5. Under the “Format” menu, select “Document.”
6. Set your top, bottom, and left & right margins to your liking from earlier. You must use the same margins you selected for your zine page size in the mock book steps portion above. The examples were for 0.5 (half-inch) margins, so you enter .5 for all margins. If you estimated a wider margin, you should adjust them now. Click “OK”. The click “Save.”
7. Next, you’ll set up your columns. Choose two columns per page for this example, which is adequate for most books. You can use 4 columns per sheet of paper (for 2 columns per booklet page), but the concept remains the same. Under the “Format” menu, select “Columns.” Click the graphic showing “2 columns,” or type 2 into the box and hit enter. I estimated a 1″ gutter (space between columns where your binding will go) in the mock book step above, so enter 1.0 in that “column box.” The column widths will automatically adjust. Click “OK.” Then click “Save.”
8. Your layout document is all set up now. You are ready to start pasting in your text. If you plan to do other zines in the future with this same format style, choose “Save As” to save the layout and name something like “My_Zine_Template.doc,” or something you will easily remember. Each time you want to start a book, open your template and do a “Save As” under the name of the next project. You’ll be ready to paste and print immediately next time you publish a zine.
Layout Part 2: Placing your text
Now that you have formatted your manuscript, made your mock book and set up your document layout, you’re ready to place your text in place.
To complete your layout, you’ll need:
* Your formatted manuscript open on your computer desktop
* Your layout document from the layout, Part 1 open on your computer desktop
* Your mock book at hand
* A printer that works
* Tape, paper clips, a stapler if you choose to staple.
Using your mock book as a page plan:
Take your mock book apart and arrange the sheets on the table in front of you. Your mock book spreads are your page plan. Spread A of your Mock Book shows you what needs to be on Spread A of your Layout document. Spread B of your mock book tells you what to put on Layout Spread B, and so on.
Using your disassembled mock book as your guide, you’ll know exactly where to place each piece of text into the layout document, copying and pasting it from your formatted manuscript.
Copying & pasting your text:
Note: In your formatted manuscript, each page = one booklet page. So each layout of your page spread will contain 2 manuscript pages, 1 in each column. These pages do not appear in the manuscript in the order you will be pasting them. You will see here what I mean.
1. Look at Spread A and the notes you’ve put on each side.
2. In your formatted manuscript, find and highlight the text you want to place in the left column. Under the “Edit” menu, select “Copy.”
3. In your layout document, place your cursor at the top of the left column. Under the “Edit” menu, select “Paste.”
4. In your layout document, click “Return” until your cursor appears at the top of the right hand column.
5. Go back to your formatted manuscript and “copy” the text you want to place on the right side of this spread, as before.
6. Go back to the layout document, and “paste” the text in, as before. Compare with mock book spread “A” to layout spread “A.” The content you’ve pasted should match your mock book notes.
7. In your layout document, under the “Insert” menu, choose “Page Break.” This will add another page to your layout, and you’re ready to paste in your text for page spread “B.”
8. Repeat the steps above as necessary until you’ve created a layout spread for each lettered mock book page spread. For your blank pages, use “Insert/Break/Page.” Click “Save” after each paste and compare your page layout spreads to your mock book page spreads to make sure they are still matching up, check often.
9. Print your page layout spreads. If you like them, label them with their spread letters to help you compare to your mock zine one last time.
10. If your layout spreads match your mock book spreads, you’re golden. Save your layout. Close your manuscript document, you’re through using it.
OPTIONAL: If you would like, you can make sure you’ve got everything where it should be by making a new mock book with your printed layout spreads: tape, paper clip, or staple it to resemble a finished zine. Use “Layout Spread A” to “Layout Spread B,” facing back to back, to imitate a double-sided printed sheet in your zine. Do the same for C – D, E – F, etc. Then you can stack them in order “A, C, E,” facing up with “A” on top and fold the stack along the gutter. See below.
11. Holding your new printed mock zine at the spine, read it for an order check and for flow. Are pieces that are running more than one page appear in the right order? Does the layout contain the correct element you want in your finished zine? Are you happy with the spacing, fonts and layout? If so, then you are ready for printing, or photocopying.
Printing and/or Photocopying
As you’ve probably realized, once you’ve got your layout done, the rest is relatively easy. You’ll have finished zines in ready for print in no time.
Now we will discuss your two basic reproduction options: printing off the originals, or photocopying from a single original.
You will need:
* Your formatted layout document on your computer
* Your printer online
* Plain paper to test and to make your original for photocopying
* And a photocopier, unless you are printing each copy
* Your interior paper stock ready
Converting your layout to a PDF is optional:
This step is optional, but I recommend it because making your layout a PDF locks your formatting, page setup, and fonts into place, and that means you can print your books from any computer with the same perfect results. Printing from a PDF also provides insurance against accidental nudging and re-flow. Most newer versions of MS-Word have PDF capability built-in to the Print menu. Once you make a PDF you cannot edit your text, so make sure things are exactly as you want them.
Open your layout document on your computer. Under File, select Print. From the Print menu, click the “Save As PDF” choice.
Note: If you have blank spreads in your zine layout, you should choose “Create Blank Spreads” from the “Options menu” to process these pages into your design.